CPIP is leading a new academic conversation about intellectual property rights and the technological, commercial, and creative innovation they facilitate. Through fellowship programs, research grants, academic conferences, and research symposia, we promote a healthy academic discussion, grounded in rigorous scholarship, that considers the value of patents, copyrights, and other intellectual property rights.

Below are some selected highlights.

Recent Highlights

Kevin R. Madigan & Adam Mossoff, Turning Gold to Lead: How Patent Eligibility Doctrine is Undermining U.S. Leadership in Innovation, 24 Geo. Mason L. Rev. ___ (2017) (dataset)

In this forthcoming paper from our 2016 Fall Conference, CPIP’s Kevin Madigan & Adam Mossoff explain how the “gold standard” designation of the U.S. patent system is now in serious doubt. The authors present 1,400 patent applications for pioneering, life-saving inventions, such as treatments for cancer and diabetes, that were granted in both China and the E.U., but that were rejected in the U.S. as ineligible for patent protection. They conclude that uncertainty in U.S. patent law has been the key change from the innovation-spurring approach of the U.S. patent system in the past.

Erika F. Lietzan, The Drug Innovation Paradox, 83 Mo. L. Rev. ___ (2018)

In this paper from our Edison Innovation Fellowship, Professor Erika Lietzan explores a paradox in the way we incentivize innovations in the pharmaceutical industry: The longer it takes to develop a new therapy, the less reward we give to a drugmaker by way of effective patent term. Combining several different data sources for the first time, Prof. Lietzan presents comprehensive empirical findings that bring the extent of the drug innovation paradox into focus. The implications for innovation policy are profound, especially if we wish to see groundbreaking new therapies that are inherently more difficult to develop.

Selected Scholarship A to Z

Ryan Abbott, Everything is Obvious, 66 UCLA L. Rev. 2 (2018)

Kristina M. L. Acri, née Lybecker, Economic Growth and Prosperity Stem from Effective Intellectual Property Rights, 24 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 865 (2017)

Sandra M. Aistars, Ensuring Only Good Claims in Small Packages: A Response to Scholarly Concerns About a Proposed Small Copyright Claims Tribunal, 26 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 65 (2018) [published version]

Sandra M. AistarsThe Next Great Copyright Act, or a New Great Copyright Agency?: Responding to Register Maria Pallante’s Manges Lecture, 38 Colum. J.L. & Arts 339 (2015)

Sandra Aistars, Devlin Hartline, & Mark Schultz, Copyright Principles and Priorities to Foster a Creative Digital Marketplace, 23 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 769 (2016)

Jonathan H. Ashtor, Does Patented Information Promote the Progress of Technology?, 113 Nw. U. L. Rev. 943 (2019)

Jonathan H. Ashtor, Modeling Patent Clarity (forthcoming)

Jonathan H. Ashtor, Opening Pandora’s Box: Analyzing the Complexity of U.S. Patent Litigation, 18 Yale J. L. & Tech. 217 (2016)

Jonathan H. Ashtor, Redefining “Valuable Patents”: Analysis of the Enforcement Value of U.S. Patents, 18 Stan. Tech. L. Rev. 497 (2015)

Jonathan H. Ashtor et al., Patents at Issue: The Data Behind the Patent Troll Debate, 21 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 957 (2014)

Robert D. Atkinson, IP Protection in the Data Economy: Getting the Balance Right on 13 Critical Issues (forthcoming)

David B. Audretsch, Scientific Entrepreneurship: The Stealth Conduit of University Knowledge Spillovers, 21 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 1015 (2014)

Matthew Barblan, Copyright as a Platform for Artistic and Creative Freedom, 23 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 793 (2016)

Shyamkrishna Balganesh, Censorial Copyright, 73 Vand. L. Rev. ___ (2020)

Jonathan M. Barnett, Antitrust Overreach: Undoing Cooperative Standardization in the Digital Economy (forthcoming)

Jonathan M. Barnett, From Patent Thickets to Patent Networks: The Legal Infrastructure of the Digital Economy, 55 Jurimetrics J. 1 (2014)

Jonathan M. Barnett, Patent Tigers: The New Geography of Global Innovation, 2 Criterion J. on Innovation 429 (2017)

Christopher Beauchamp, The First Patent Litigation Explosion, 125 Yale L.J. 848 (2016)

Jennifer Brant et al., South Africa: IP Management and the Commercialization of Publicly Funded Research Outcomes, WIPO (2018)

Hugh Breakey, Deliberate, Principled, Self-Interested Law Breaking: The Ethics of Digital ‘Piracy’, 38 Oxf. J. Leg. Stud. 676 (2018)

Emily S. Bremer, The Exceptionalism Norm in Administrative Adjudication (forthcoming)

Daniel R. Cahoy, Patently Uncertain (forthcoming)

Eric R. Claeys, The Conceptual Relation Between IP Rights and Infringement Remedies, 22 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 805 (2015)

Eric R. Claeys, Intellectual Property and Practical Reason, 9 Jurisprudence 251 (2017)

Jorge L. Contreras, Narratives of Gene Patenting, ___ Fla. St. U. L. Rev. ___ (forthcoming)

Christopher A. Cotropia & James Gibson, Copyright’s Topography: An Empirical Study of Copyright Litigation, 92 Tex. L. Rev. 1981 (2014)

Carys J. Craig, Critical Copyright Law and the Politics of ‘IP,’ Research Handbook on Critical Legal Theory (Edward Elgar Press, 2019)

Brian Cummings, The Changing Landscape of Intellectual Property Management as a Revenue-Generating Asset for U.S Research Universities, 21 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 1027 (2014)

James E. Daily & F. Scott Kieff, Benefits of Patent Jury Trials for Commercializing Innovation, 21 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 865 (2014)

Brett Danaher & Michael D. Smith, Digital Piracy, Film Quality, and Social Welfare, 24 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 923 (2017)

Gaétan de Rassenfosse et al., Discrimination in the Patent System: Evidence from Standard-Essential Patents (forthcoming)

Gaétan de Rassenfosse, Notice Failure Revisited: Evidence on the Use of Virtual Patent Marking (forthcoming)

Richard A. Epstein, Keynote Address: Common Ground: How Intellectual Property Unites Creators and Innovators, 22 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 805 (2015)

Damien Geradin, The Meaning of “Fair and Reasonable” in the Context of Third-Party Determination of FRAND Terms, 21 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 919 (2014)

Roya Ghafele et al., Using Patent Valuation Methods to Assess Damages in Patent Infringement Cases Under the Unified Patent Court, 52 World Patent Information 1 (2018)

Gregory Gorder, Innovation and the Invention Gap: The Need for a New Invention Economy, 21 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 811 (2014)

Michael Greve, Exceptional, After All and After Oil States: Judicial Review and the Patent System (forthcoming)

Kirti Gupta, Technology Standards and Competition in the Mobile Wireless Industry, 22 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 865 (2015)

Kirti Gupta & Jay P. Kesan, Studying the Impact of eBay on Injunctive Relief in Patent Cases (forthcoming)

Stephen Haber, Patents and the Wealth of Nations, 23 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 811 (2016)

Terry Hart, License to Remix, 23 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 837 (2016)

Deepak Hegde et al., What Is a Patent Worth? Evidence from the U.S. Patent ‘Lottery’ (USPTO Econ. Working Paper No. 2015-5, Mar. 2017)

Bowman Heiden & Nicolas Petit, Patent Trespass and the Royalty Gap: Exploring the Nature and Impact of “Patent Holdout” (Hoover IP2 Working Paper Series No. 17010, May 2017)

Christopher M. Holman, Bowman v. Monsanto: A Bellwether for the Emerging Issue of Patentable Self-Replicating Technologies and Inadvertent Infringement, 80 Mo. L. Rev. 665 (2015)

Christopher M. Holman, Charting the Contours of a Copyright Regime Optimized for Engineered Genetic Code, 69 Okla. L. Rev. 399 (2017)

Christopher M. Holman, The Critical Role of Patents in the Development, Commercialization and Utilization of Innovative Genetic Diagnostic Tests and Personalized Medicine, 21 B.U. J. Sci. & Tech. L. 297 (2015)

Christopher M. Holman, Cuozzo v. Lee: Supreme Court to Decide Its First Inter Partes Review Case, 35 Biotechnol. Law Rep. 3 (2016)

Christopher M. Holman, The Mayo Framework is Bad for Your Health, 23 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 901 (2016)

Ryan T. Holte, Clarity in Remedies for Patent Cases, 26 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 128 (2018)

Ryan T. Holte, Patent Submission Policies, 50 Akron L. Rev. 637 (2017)

Ryan T. Holte, Trolls or Great Inventors: Case Studies of Patent Assertion Entities, 59 St. Louis U. L.J. 1 (2014)

Ryan T. Holte & Christopher B. Seaman, Patent Injunctions on Appeal: An Empirical Study of the Federal Circuit’s Application of eBay, 92 Wash. L. Rev. 145 (2017)

John Howells & Ron D. Katznelson, The “Overly-Broad” Selden Patent, Henry Ford and Development in the Early US Automobile Industry, (forthcoming)

Camilla A. Hrdy, Commercialization Awards, 2015 Wis. L. Rev. 13 (2015)

Camilla A. Hrdy, The Reemergence of State Anti-Patent Law, 89 U. Colo. L. Rev. ___ (2017)

Justin Hughes, Motion Pictures, Markets, and Copylocks, 23 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 941 (2016)

Olena Ivus, Edwin L.-C. Lai, & Ted Sichelman, An Economic Model of Patent Exhaustion (forthcoming)

Dmitry Karshtedt, The More Things Change: Improvement Patents, Drug Modifications, and the FDA, 104 Iowa L. Rev. 1129 (2019)

Jay P. Kesan, Economic Rationales for the Patent System in Current Context, 22 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 897 (2015)

B. Zorina Khan, Trolls and Other Patent Inventions: Economic History and the Patent Controversy in the Twenty-First Century, 21 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 825 (2014)

Edmund W. Kitch, Crowdfunding and an Innovator’s Access to Capital, 21 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 887 (2014)

Bruce H. Kobayashi, Opening Pandora’s Black Box: A Coasian 1937 View of Performance Rights Organizations in 2014, 22 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 925 (2015)

Anne Layne-Farrar, Moving Past the SEP RAND Obsession: Some Thoughts on the Economic Implications of Unilateral Commitments and the Complexities of Patent Licensing, 21 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 1093 (2014)

Gary Lawson, Appointments and Illegal Adjudication: The AIA Through a Constitutional Lens, 26 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 28 (2018) [published version]

Stan J. Liebowitz, A Critique of Copyright Criticisms, 22 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 943 (2015)

Stan Liebowitz, The Case for Copyright, 24 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 907 (2017)

Erika Lietzan & Kristina M. L. Acri, née Lybecker, Distorted Drug Patents, ___ Wash. L. Rev. ___ (forthcoming)

Erika F. Lietzan, Access Before Evidence and the Price of FDA’s New Drug Authorities, 53 U. Rich. L. Rev. ___ (2019)

Erika F. Lietzan, The Drug Innovation Paradox, 83 Mo. L. Rev. ___ (2018)

Erika F. Lietzan, Paper Promises for Drug Innovation, 26 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 168 (2018) [published version]

Erika F. Lietzan, The History and Political Economy of the Hatch-Waxman Amendments, 49 Seton Hall L. Rev. 53 (2019)

Erika Lietzan, A Solution in Search of a Problem at the Biologics Frontier, 2018 U. Ill. L. Rev. Online 19 (2018)

Daryl Lim, Judging Equivalents (forthcoming)

Jiarui Liu, The Predatory Effects of Copyright Piracy, 24 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 961 (2017)

Adam MacLeod, Patent Infringement As Trespass, 69 Ala. L. Rev. ___ (2018)

Adam MacLeod, Public Rights After Oil States Energy, 95 Notre Dame L. Rev. ___ (2019)

Kevin R. Madigan & Adam Mossoff, Turning Gold to Lead: How Patent Eligibility Doctrine is Undermining U.S. Leadership in Innovation, 24 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 939 (2017) (dataset)

Keith Mallinson, Don’t Fix What Isn’t Broken: The Extraordinary Record of Innovation and Success in the Cellular Industry Under Existing Licensing Practices, 23 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 967 (2016)

Charles R. McManis & Brian Yagi, The Bayh-Dole Act and the Anticommons Hypothesis: Round Three, 21 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 1049 (2014)

Andrew C. Michaels, The Patent Lawyer’s Guide to Fascism: On Individual Autonomy and Private Law (forthcoming)

Adam Mossoff, How Copyright Drives Innovation: A Case Study of Scholarly Publishing in the Digital World, 2015 Mich. St. L. Rev. 955 (2015)

Adam Mossoff, O’Reilly v. Morse (Geo. Mason Univ. L. & Econ., Res. Paper No. 14-22, 2014)

Adam Mossoff, Patent Licensing and Secondary Markets in the Nineteenth Century, 22 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 959 (2015)

Adam Mossoff, Patents as Commercial Assets in Political, Legal, and Social Context, 51 Tulsa L. Rev. 453 (2016)

Adam Mossoff, Statutes, Common-Law Rights, and the Mistaken Classification of Patents as Public Rights, ___ Iowa L. Rev. ___ (2019)

Adam Mossoff, Trademark as a Property Right (Geo. Mason L. & Econ. Res. Paper No. 17-15, Apr. 2017)

Adam Mossoff & Mark Schultz, Introduction: Common Ground: How Intellectual Property Unites Creators and Innovators, 22 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 801 (2015)

Natasha Nayak, Barrier to Entry and Disruptive Innovation Potential in Big Data Markets: A Literature Review (forthcoming)

Natasha Nayak, Situating Patent Validity in Antitrust’s Rule of Reason: Exploring the Bounds of Actavis (forthcoming)

Sean M. O’Connor, Creators, Innovators, and Appropriation Mechanisms, 22 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 973 (2015)

Sean M. O’Connor, Crowdfunding’s Impact on Start-Up IP Strategy, 21 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 895 (2014)

Sean M. O’Connor, The Lost “Art” of the Patent System, 2015 U. Ill. L. Rev. 1397 (2015)

Sean M. O’Connor, The Multiple Levels of ‘Property’ in IP and Why That Matters for the Natural Versus Regulatory IP Debates, 27 Geo. Mason L. Rev. ___ (2019)

Sean M. O’Connor, The Overlooked French Influence on the Intellectual Property Clause, 82 U. Chi. L. Rev. 733 (2015)

Sean M. O’Connor, Patented Electric Guitar Pickups and the Creation of Modern Music Genres, 23 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 1007 (2016)

Sean M. O’Connor & Erika Lietzan, The Surprising Reach of FDA Regulation of Cannabis, Even after Descheduling, ___ Am. U. L. Rev. ___ (forthcoming)

David Orozco, The Knowledge Police, 43 Hofstra L. Rev. 417 (2014)

David Orozco, Assessing the Efficacy of the Bayh-Dole Act Through the Lens of University Technology Transfer Offices (TTOs), 21 N.C. J.L. & Tech. ___ (2019)

Kristen Osenga, Formerly Manufacturing Entities: Piercing the “Patent Troll” Rhetoric, 47 Conn. L. Rev. 435 (2014)

Kristen Osenga, Ignorance Over Innovation: Why Misunderstanding Standard Setting Operations Will Hinder Technological Progress, 56 U. Louisville L. Rev. 159 (2018)

Kristen Osenga, Institutional Design for Innovation: A Radical Proposal for Addressing § 101 Patent-Eligible Subject Matter, 68 Am. U. L. Rev. 1191 (2019)

Kristen Osenga, Sticks and Stones: How the FTC’s Name-Calling Misses the Complexity of Licensing-Based Business Models, 22 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 1001 (2015)

Sean Pager, Making Copyright Work for Creative Upstarts, 22 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 1021 (2015)

Walter G. Park, Averting a “Tripsxit” From the Global Intellectual Property System, 24 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 883 (2017)

James Pooley, The Myth of the Trade Secret Troll: Why the Defend Trade Secrets Act Improves the Protection of Commercial Information, 23 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 1045 (2016)

Eric Priest, Copyright and Free Expression in China’s Film Industry, 26 Fordham Intell. Prop. Media & Ent. L.J. 1 (2015)

Eric Priest, Meet the New Media, Same as the Old Media: Real Lessons from China’s Digital Copyright Industries, 23 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 1079 (2016)

Jonathan D. Putnam & Tim A. Williams, The Smallest Salable Patent-Practicing Unit (SSPPU): Theory and Evidence (forthcoming)

Yi Qian & Margaret Kyle, Intellectual Property Rights and Access to Innovation: Evidence from TRIPS (forthcoming)

Michael Risch, A Generation of Patent Litigation, 52 San Diego L. Rev. 67 (2015)

Michael Risch, Licensing Acquired Patents, 21 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 979 (2014)

Michael Risch, (Un)Reasonable Royalties, 97 B.U. L. Rev. 187 (2018)

Gregory Salmieri, Intellectual Property and the Freedom Needed to Solve the Crisis of Resistant Infections, 26 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 215 (2018)

Mark Schultz & Kevin Madigan, The Long Wait for Innovation: The Global Patent Pendency Problem (Ctr. for the Prot. of Intell. Prop, Oct. 2016)

Mark Schultz, Kevin Madigan et al.
, Using IP Best Practices Dialogues to Improve IP Systems Globally: The Example of the Trade Secrets Law Best Practices Dialogue, 26 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 88 (2018)

Jacob S. Sherkow, Administrating Patent Litigation, 90 Wash. L. Rev. 205 (2015)

Jacob S. Sherkow, Cancer’s IP, 96 N. C. L. Rev. 297 (2018)

Brenda M. Simon, Patents, Information, and Innovation, 85 Brook. L. Rev. ___ (2020)

David O. Taylor, Patent Eligibility and Investment (forthcoming)

Shine Tu, Patent Examiners and Litigation Outcomes, 17 Stan. Tech. L. Rev. 507 (2014)

V.K. Unni, India’s TRIPS-Compliant Patent Decade – The Tumultuous Journey in Search of a Pragmatic Equilibrium, 50 Int’l Rev. Intell. Prop. & Competition L. 161 (2019)

Saurabh Vishnubhakat, Disguised Patent Policymaking (forthcoming)

Saurabh Vishnubhakat, The Field of Invention, 45 Hofstra L. Rev. 899 (2017)

Christopher J. Walker & Melissa F. Wasserman, The New World of Agency Adjudication, 107 Cal. L. Rev. ___ (2019)

Runhua Wang, New Private Law? Intellectual Property ‘Common-Law Precedents’ in China (forthcoming)

Joshua D. Wright, SSOs, FRAND, and Antitrust: Lessons from the Economics of Incomplete Contracts, 21 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 791 (2014)

Stephen Yelderman, Coordination-Focused Patent Policy, 96 B.U. L. Rev. 1565 (2016)